Female, Full Entry

900 CE Norse Hangerok 3

Title900 CE Norse Hangerok 3
Entry #GGB2021.012
Alternate Names Apron Dress, Smokkr
Year900 CE
Time range900-1000 CE
EraEarly medieval
regionNorthern Europe
Countries/culturesNorse, Viking,
MakerNghuala inghean Vi Fallamhain
ConfidenceSpeculative reconstruction


A tunic dress under layer with an apron like over dress with shoulder straps pinned in place with distinctive brooch pins.  Remains of decorative trim sometimes found on the top band of the dress.   Often accessorized with beads and metal accessories. There are several theorized construction techniques.  No current supportive evidence for belts. 


Linen under dress with a blue linen over dress featuring Rus style broaches –  this is a variation made to allow for the dress to be worn on very hot days.

They are an overdress worn over a tunic-like under dress.  They generally take the shape of a tube or flared tube with broaches that connect shoulder straps to the front of the over dress.  The grave finds have shown general construction of wool and some linen with variation in color, finishing and decoration.  There are many fabulous resources on line to research this easy to construct garment

Current research suggests that the general style of apron dress may have been used across Norse cultures with regional variations.  Local and regional differences may have led to many variations on the theme.

 There is scant evidence from the grave finds due to excessive decomposition of the fabrics.  These still seem to be dresses of a debatable authenticity.  This has led to some of the different interpretations that are found on line.

Based on the articles I have read at this time I will side with the argument that this is a general category of garment that saw variations based on region, culture and time period.  They can be grouped together as a style due to specific traits in common. 

Inspiration Images

Common Materials

  • Fabrics:
    • wool
    • linen
  • Ornamentation:
    • tablet woven decorations
    • embroidery
    • Silk or linen strips or threads

Effective Substitutions

  • Fabrics:
    • linen
    • linen blends
    • cotton
    • wool blends
  • Ornamentation:

Ensemble Components

  • Hangeroc (apron overdress)
  • underdress

  • Coat/Kaftan


  • strands of beads
    • glass or amber
  • Small tools (scissors, needle case, ear spoons, etc)
  • Brooches


Raymonds Quiet Press – source for reproduction broaches




Source of Period Pichttp://urd.priv.no/viking/kostrup.html
ModelNghuala inghean Vi  Fallamhain 082413-08
PhotographerVincent De Vere

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