Female, Full Entry

27 CE Female Roman Ionic Chiton/Tunica 2

Title27 CE Female Roman Ionic Chiton/Tunica 2
Entry #GGB2021.0002
Alternate NamesTunica, ionic chiton, tunica matron,
Year270CE
Time range27 – 400 CE
EraRoman Empire
GenderFemale
regionEurope
Countries/culturesEurope
MakerIulia Kaloetina Eirenikina
Difficulty1
ConfidenceImage Examples

Intro:

This basic garment, sometimes called an ionic chiton, could work for either a Grecian chiton or a lower class roman tunica.  Two pieces of fabric sewn at the sides and tacked at the sleeves.

Description:

These are light and cool and fast to make.  The chiton is very much like a tunic. There are versions done with a single piece of fabric folded and tacked along to the top in a number of places or it can be done as two large rectangles of fabric that are sewn down the sides and tacked a few places along the top.  Using a rope it can be cinched in at the waist.  The palla can just be wrapped around and held.  Sandals that work to complete the outfit can be found in modern shoe stores.  Romans also had a variety of jewelry that can be made or purchased from retailers selling recreations or by modifying some modern costume jewelry.

There is a distinct variation between the Doric and Ionic chitons, as well as the roman woman’s tunic, it will not be entered into here but all of the dresses serve as easy and fast warm weather garb.

Further distinctions can be made between earlier Greek and later Roman clothing.  It will not be discussed here.

Inspiration Images

Common Materials

  • Fabrics:
    • Wool
    • linen
    • silk. 
    • The wools used would have been very fine wools that are sometimes hard to find now.
  • Ornamentation:

Effective Substitutions

  • Fabrics:
    • Avoid polyester, polyester blends. 
    • Linen
    • linen blends
    • cotton
      • The cotton broadcloths (the cheap cottons that fill Walmart and the quilting fabric stores) are weak fabrics that don’t last long and never look quite right.  They never drape and lay the way the period images show. 
    • silk
      • silk like poly will be uncomfortable in the heat. 
  • Ornamentation:

Ensemble Components

  • Chiton/Tunic
  • Palla
  • belt or cording

  • sandals
  • jewelry
  • Stola

Accessories

  • “Roman” sandals are still sold today and work for starter garb. 
  • Belts can range from ropes to modern fashion chain belts. 
  • Many examples of roman jewelry are not complex and can be made easily.   There are some styles that look very similar to modern costume jewelry.

Source/Links

https://titarufiaprisca.wordpress.com/2011/03/16/on-making-roman-clothing/

http://www.fashion-era.com/ancient_costume/ancient-greek-dress-chiton.htm

https://titarufiaprisca.wordpress.com/2011/03/16/on-making-roman-clothing/

https://vestificasericata.wordpress.com/documentation/

https://www.getting-my-medieval-on.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/08/romanwomensgarb-arriamarina.pdf

https://romanasum.files.wordpress.com/2014/10/intro-to-roman-clothing4.pdf

https://www.getting-my-medieval-on.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/08/romanwomensgarb-arriamarina.pdf

Version2
date3/6/2021
Source of Period PicThe Charioteer of Delphi, 470s B.C. Bronze. Delphi Museum, Greece.
ModelIulia Kaloetina Eirenikina 082413-09
PhotographerVincent De Vere
  
Female, Full Entry

27 CE Female Roman Chiton and Palla

Title27 CE Female Roman Chiton and Palla
Entry #GGB2021.0001
Alternate Names Chiton, Palla
Year270CE
Time range27 – 400 CE
EraRoman Empire
GenderFemale
regionEurope
Countries/culturesEurope
MakerAnna Plentyn
Difficulty1
ConfidenceImage Examples

Intro:

This consists of one piece or two pieces of fabric sewn at the sides and tacked at the top to form the tunic like chiton and a piece of fabric wrapped around as the palla. These are great beginner garb for hot weather

Description:

These are light and cool and fast to make.  The chiton is very much like a tunic. There are versions done with a single piece of fabric folded and tacked along to the top in a number of places or it can be done as two large rectangles of fabric that are sewn down the sides and tacked a few places along the top.  Using a rope it can be cinched in at the waist.  The palla can just be wrapped around and held.  Sandals that work to complete the outfit can be found in modern shoe stores.  Romans also had a variety of jewelry that can be made or purchased from retailers selling recreations or by modifying some modern costume jewelry.

Inspiration Images

Common Materials

  • Fabrics:
    • Most lower class garments in roman times were wool, but finding the right weights and weaves of wool now is hard. 
    • Upper classes would have some silks.
  • Ornamentation:

Effective Substitutions

  • Fabrics:
    • Avoid polyester, polyester blends. 
    • Cottons can work. 
    • Linens are good. 
    • Very light and fine wools may be very accurate, but harder to find.
  • Ornamentation:

Ensemble Components

  • Chiton
  • Palla
  • belt

  • sandals
  • jewelry

Accessories

  • “Roman” sandals are still sold today and work for starter garb. 
  • Belts can range from ropes to modern fashion chain belts. 
  • Many examples of roman jewelry are not complex and can be made easily.   There are some styles that look very similar to modern costume jewelry.

Source/Links

https://titarufiaprisca.wordpress.com/2011/03/16/on-making-roman-clothing/

http://www.fashion-era.com/ancient_costume/ancient-greek-dress-chiton.htm

https://titarufiaprisca.wordpress.com/2011/03/16/on-making-roman-clothing/

https://vestificasericata.wordpress.com/documentation/

https://www.getting-my-medieval-on.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/08/romanwomensgarb-arriamarina.pdf

https://romanasum.files.wordpress.com/2014/10/intro-to-roman-clothing4.pdf

https://www.getting-my-medieval-on.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/08/romanwomensgarb-arriamarina.pdf

Version2
date3/6/2021
Source of Period PicStatue of Livia Drusilla wearing a stola and palla
ModelAnna Plentyn 031113-13
PhotographerVincent De Vere
  
Basic Entry, Female

100 CE Female Roman Tunica and Stola

Title100 CE Female Roman Tunica and Stola
Entry #GGB2021.0003
Alternate NamesTunic or wrongly called a toga 
Year100CE
Time range27 – 400 CE
EraRoman Empire
GenderFemale
regionEurope
Countries/culturesEurope
MakerFionnghuala inghean Fhearghuis
Difficulty1
ConfidenceImage Examples

Intro:

Very simple tunic like dress worn with fabric draped and pinned at the shoulders, belted at the waist

Description:

Women of all classes would have worn the basic tunic dress but women of higher classes would add an additional layer of the stola pinned over the tunic.  In the example here, the white fabric is the tunic and the purple is the stola.  This would have been in addition to a Palla or long wrap that could be draped in a number of ways.

In addition there are many options for jewelry and footwear that works for roman garb.  There are even modern costume jewelry and modern sandals that can be found that stylistically work for roman accessories.

Beware of information about making “togas” for the college toga parties. 

Inspiration Images

Common Materials

  • Fabrics:
    • Most lower class garments in roman times were wool, but finding the right weights and weaves of wool now is hard. 
    • Upper classes would have some silks.
  • Ornamentation:

Effective Substitutions

  • Fabrics:
    • Avoid polyester, polyester blends. 
    • Cottons can work. 
    • Linens are good. 
    • Very light and fine wools may be very accurate, but harder to find.
  • Ornamentation:

Ensemble Components

  • Chiton
  • Palla
  • belt

  • sandals
  • jewelry
  • Stola

Accessories

  • “Roman” sandals are still sold today and work for starter garb. 
  • Belts can range from ropes to modern fashion chain belts. 
  • Many examples of roman jewelry are not complex and can be made easily.   There are some styles that look very similar to modern costume jewelry.

Source/Links

https://titarufiaprisca.wordpress.com/2011/03/16/on-making-roman-clothing/

http://www.fashion-era.com/ancient_costume/ancient-greek-dress-chiton.htm

https://titarufiaprisca.wordpress.com/2011/03/16/on-making-roman-clothing/

https://vestificasericata.wordpress.com/documentation/

https://www.getting-my-medieval-on.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/08/romanwomensgarb-arriamarina.pdf

https://romanasum.files.wordpress.com/2014/10/intro-to-roman-clothing4.pdf

https://www.getting-my-medieval-on.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/08/romanwomensgarb-arriamarina.pdf

Version2
date3/6/2021
Source of Period PicStatue of Livia Drusilla wearing a stola and palla
ModelFionnghuala inghean Fhearghuis 091413-11
PhotographerVincent De Vere